Donkin, Bryan I

Donkin, Bryan I
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b. 22 March 1768 Sandoe, Northumberland, England
d. 27 February 1855 London, England
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English mechanical engineer and inventor.
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It was intended that Bryan Donkin should follow his father's profession of surveyor and land agent, so he spent a year or so in that occupation before he was apprenticed to John Hall, millwright of Dartford, Kent. Donkin remained with the firm after completing his apprenticeship, and when the Fourdrinier brothers in 1802 introduced from France an invention for making paper in continuous lengths they turned to John Hall for help in developing the machine: Donkin was chosen to undertake the work. In 1803 the Fourdriniers established their own works in Bermondsey, with Bryan Donkin in charge. By 1808 Donkin had acquired the works, but he continued to manufacture paper-making machines, paying a royalty to the patentees. He also undertook other engineering work including water-wheels for driving paper and other mills. He was also involved in the development of printing machinery and the preservation of food in airtight containers. Some of these improvements were patented, and he also obtained patents relating to gearing, steel pens, paper-making and railway wheels. Other inventions of Bryan Donkin that were not patented concerned revolution counters and improvements in accurate screw threads for use in graduating mathematical scales. Donkin was elected a member of the Society of Arts in 1803 and was later Chairman of the Society's Committee of Mechanics and a Vice-President of the society. He was also a member of the Royal Astronomical Society. In 1818 a group of eight young men founded the Institution of Civil Engineers; two of them were apprentices of Bryan Donkin and he encouraged their enterprise. After a change in the rules permitted the election of members over the age of 35, he himself became a member in 1821. He served on the Council and became a Vice- President, but he resigned from the Institution in 1848.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
FRS 1838. Vice-President, Institution of Civil Engineers 1826–32, 1835–45. Member, Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers 1835; President 1843. Society of Arts Gold Medal 1810, 1819.
Further Reading
S.B.Donkin, 1949–51, "Bryan Donkin, FRS, MICE 1768–1855", Transactions of the Newcomen Society 27:85–95.
RTS

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Donkin, Bryan — born March 22, 1768, Sandree, Northumberland, Eng. died Feb. 27, 1855, London British inventor. Initially apprenticed to a papermaker, Donkin perfected a version of the Fourdrinier machine. He established a factory to produce and can vegetable… …   Universalium

  • Donkin, Bryan — (22 mar. 1768, Sandree, Northumberland, Inglaterra–27 feb. 1855, Londres). Inventor británico. Inicialmente aprendiz de un fabricante de papel, perfeccionó una versión de la máquina de Fourdrinier. Estableció una fábrica para producir y enlatar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bryan Donkin — L ingénieur Bryan Donkin Naissance 22 mars 1768 Sandoe, Northumb …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donkin — Bryan Donkin Bryan Donkin (* 22. März 1768 in Sandhoe, Northumberland; † 27. Februar 1855) war ein englischer Ingenieur und Erfinder. Er war ein gelernter Papiermacher und assistierte 1806 Henry Fourdrinier (1766–1854) seine Papiermaschine zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bryan Donkin — (* 22. März 1768 in Sandhoe, Northumberland; † 27. Februar 1855) war ein englischer Ingenieur und Erfinder. Er war ein gelernter Papiermacher und assistierte 1806 Henry Fourdrinier (1766–1854) seine Papiermaschine zu perfektionieren. Zusammen mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bryan Donkin — Infobox Person name = Bryan Donkin image size = 150px caption = Bryan Donkin birth name = birth date = 22 March 1768 birth place = Sandoe, Northumberland death date = 27 February 1855 death place = death cause = resting place = resting place… …   Wikipedia

  • Bryan — /bruy euhn/, n. 1. William Jennings /jen ingz/, 1860 1925, U.S. political leader. 2. a city in E Texas. 44,337. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) George Bryan Bryan William Jennings Donkin Bryan Herrick James Bryan * * * ▪… …   Universalium

  • Bryan — (as used in expressions) George Bryan Bryan, William Jennings Donkin, Bryan Herrick, James Bryan …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Donkin (surname) — Donkin is a surname, and may refer to: Bryan Donkin (1835–1902), mechanical engineer (in DNB John Donkin (1802–1854), engineer (in DNB Bryan Donkin (1768 1855), English engineer, inventor and industrialist Dylan Donkin (21st century), American… …   Wikipedia

  • Bryan Donkin — noun English engineer who developed a method of preserving food by sterilizing it with heat and sealing it inside a steel container the first tin can (1768 1855) • Syn: ↑Donkin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑engineer, ↑applied scientist, ↑technologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Donkin — noun English engineer who developed a method of preserving food by sterilizing it with heat and sealing it inside a steel container the first tin can (1768 1855) • Syn: ↑Bryan Donkin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑engineer, ↑applied scientist,… …   Useful english dictionary

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